The connection between Andrew Stewart and his presumed son Moses is a somewhat tenuous one, based on plausible but circumstantial evidence.
In 1942 the Stewart Clan Magazine published this brief account of Andrew Stewart sandwiched between paragraphs dealing with his presumed father Moses and his own presumed sons Moses and Andrew:1
Although militia records are scarce, there survives an accounting for a 1780 Pennsylvania Volunteers “Company commanded by Capt’n Jeremiah Lochrey stationed in Westmoreland County for Defense of the Frontiers” on which Andrew Stewart’s name appears.2 It shows that Andrew Stewart served from 11 October through 15 December 1780.
Census and Tax Records 1786 – 1800
Andrew Stewart was counted as a resident of Derry township in the Pennsylvania state census of 1786 — listed as “Steward” under the heading of “single men”. Two other Stewards were listed in Derry township: a married man named James Steward and a single man named Charles Steward.
Andrew Stewart was missing from the 1790 census although three other Stewarts were enumerated in Derry township.3 However, Jacob “Shinglemaker” was enumerated in Derry with a household composition matching what we know of Jacob Shingledecker — and 1790 was about the time Andrew Stewart must have married.4 We know that Jacob Shingledecker had four sons and four daughters; the 1790 household included six rather than five, males and five females so it may have included a newly married Andrew Stewart and his Shingledecker wife.
Andrew Stewart was missing from the tax list of 1798 but two persons were listed as living on land belonging to Andrew Stewart, both in Derry township: Abner McMahan was living in a house on a 350-acre parcel and Lawrence Hanson was living in a house on a 250-acre parcel. The former parcel was adjacent to the land of the above-mentioned Thomas Wilkins.
He was counted in both the state and federal censuses of 1800 as a resident of Derry township heading a household of nine, including six young males and one young female. 5 Apart from one male aged 16-26 all the children were under ten, suggesting a marriage about 1790.
A Second Andrew Stewart in the Area
I note that there was a second Andrew Stewart living in Westmoreland County several miles to the south of Derry township, but none of the references above to “our” Andrew Stewart seem to apply to him. He was taxed in 1798 on a grist mill and a saw mill in South Huntington township near the southern border of the county. The 1800 census enumerated him heading a family of two females plus himself in South Huntington township (listed as a miller in the state census). In 1810 he was enumerated just south of South Huntington in adjacent Allegheny County. According to the Stewart Clan Magazine he never married and left a will in 1827 naming a consort and several siblings. 6 The will helps to identify him as the Revolutionary officer who was the son of Andrew Stewart of Paxtang, Lancaster County.7
Moves to Ohio
The 1801 land purchase on Black Lick Creek was in what became Indiana County in 1803. However, he does not appear among the first taxables of Indiana County in 1807. Nor is there any record of an estate in either Westmoreland or Indiana counties. It does seem likely that he lived there for a time, and may have retained land there, as his sons Moses and Andrew Stewart both returned to marry in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. However, it appears that he moved to Ohio along with his presumed in-laws.
He may have been the same person as the Andrew Stewart who was among the early settlers of Greene County, Ohio, being enumerated as one of 154 white males over 21 in Beaver Creek Township on 10 May 1803 just a few weeks after the county was created.8 The uncertainty there were two men named Andrew Stewart in the area — a different Andrew Stewart “of Beaver Creek township” died unmarried and childless in 1815. His will dated 16 March 1815 left his estate to his brother-in-law James Buchannon and Buchannon’s two children. 9 The modest inventory and estate sale proceeds suggest that he may have been too young to have been taxable twelve years earlier, and do not suggest any connection to the other Andrew Stewart. These records identify him as “of Beaver Creek”.)) The loss of Ohio’s 1810 census records denies us proof of that man’s age.
Andrew Stewart died intestate in 1805 in Champaign County, Ohio which had been formed earlier that same year from parts of Greene and Franklin counties. On 18 September 1805 Jacob Shingledecker and John Shingledecker, both of Greene County, Ohio, and Abigail “Stuart” of neighboring Champaign County posted an $8,000 bond for their administration of the estate.10 James Demint and Robert Boyce of Champaign County were also sureties.
No further record of the estate appear to have survived.
Was his wife Abigail Shingledecker?
This administratrix bond raises the possibility that Abigail Stewart was a sister of the Shingledeckers. Jacob Shingledecker (1774-1849) and John Shingledecker (1784-1871) were sons of Jacob Shingledecker Sr. (1736-1828) and Abigail Longstreth (1753-?) who were originally of Pennsylvania.11 According to the same source Jacob and Abigail Shingledecker had four sons named Jacob, John, Abraham, and Isaac and four daughters, none of whom were identified. One of them may have been Abigail Stewart.
There is plausible geographic support for this theory. Both Andrew Stewart and the Shingledeckers lived in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania about the time Andrew Stewart must have married. The ages of the presumed children suggest a marriage about 1786 or so. Andrew Stewart, as we have seen, was in Westmoreland County in 1786. He was not in the 1790 census there, but a Jacob “Shinglemaker” was, and Jacob Shinglemaker headed a household of five other males and five females — which would exactly fit his family of a wife and four sons and four daughters plus Andrew Stewart. Indeed, an 1889 biography of Jerome Shingledecker tells us that that his grandfather “Jacob Shingledecker was a native of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania and was of German ancestry; he was a soldier of the war of 1812, with the rank of Captain.”12
To add to the plausibility, I note that Jacob Shingledecker — frequently spelled as “Shingletaker” — was on the tax list of Bethel, Bedford County continuously from 1774 through 1786, but was absent from the Bedford County tax lists of 1787,1788, and 1789. Thus he was probably the Jacob Shinglemaker enumerated in Derry, Westmoreland County in 1790.
Of course we have no way of knowing whether the widow Abigail was also the mother of the children. No further estate records survive and no further sign of Abigail was found in any records.
Abigail remarries to Elisha Chambers
Abigail Stewart remarried in 1807 to Elisha Chambers in Greene County.13 The 1810 census of Ohio is lost, but in 1820 “Elisha” Chambers was enumerated in Beaver Creek, Greene County consecutively with Andrew Stewart and Moses Stewart. 14 His household apparently included four Stewart male children and perhaps a female Stewart in addition to two young daughters born after the marriage.
Elisha Chambers and Abigail may have temporarily removed back to Indiana County, Pennsylvania, for both Andrew Stewart and Moses Stewart were married there between 1815 and 1820. Although Andrew and Moses Stewart were enumerated consecutively again in the same community in 1830, there was no sign of Elisha Chambers.
- Stewart Clan Magazine, Vol. XIX, No. 9, page 252-3. [↩]
- Pennsylvania Archives 1664-1902, Series 6, Vol. 2, Part 2, page 331. [↩]
- James Stewart 1-2-3, William Stewart 2-2-4, and William Stewart 1-3-3 were the only Stewarts listed in Derry township. [↩]
- Jacob Shinglemaker: 2-4-5. [↩]
- He was listed in the federal census index as “Stewent” on page 1224: Andrew “Stewert” — 50101-10010. [↩]
- Stewart Clan Magazine, Vol. XIV, No. 10 (April 1937), page 238. [↩]
- Ibid., page 238. [↩]
- George F. Robinson, History of Greene County, Ohio (S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1902), page 24. [↩]
- Greene County Wills, etc. Book A-F, pages 136, 144, 149, 389. [↩]
- Champaign County Administrator’s Bonds, etc. 1804-1860, page 11. [↩]
- A. W. Bowen, A Portrait and Biographical Record of Mercer and Van Wert Counties, Ohio, Part 1 (Published 1896), page 531. [↩]
- Biographical History of Shelby and Audubon Counties, Iowa (W. S. Dunbar & Company, 1889), page 724. This biographical statement also gives Jacob Shingledecker’s wife “the mother of Isaac Shingledecker” as Mary Ann Rue “a native of West Virginia”. Jerome’s parents are identified as Isaac A. Shingledecker (born 20 February 1818 in Miami County, Ohio) and Barbara Ann Hain (married on 14 March 1844.) Isaac A. Shingledecker was married in Ohio, removed to Michigan, and came to Iowa in 1875. [↩]
- The marriage record omits the day and month, and spells the groom’s name as “Elijah” Chambers. [↩]
- Listed consecutively in Beaver Creek, Greene County, Ohio — Elisha Chambers: 011301-21001; Andrew Stewart: 100010-101; Moses Stewart: 000010-201 [↩]