Joshua Hayes is mentioned in a book on Hayes families, Hayes and Allied Families, but the author confused him with a different Joshua Hayes.1 That book states that Joshua Hayes was born in 1741 to a William Hayes who left a will in Chester County, Pennsylvania dated in 1771 and proved in 1783. But that is pretty clearly an error, for our Joshua Hayes was clearly two decades older than that man.
Appears in Northampton County, North Carolina in 1746
Our first record of Joshua Hayes is his purchase, as a Northampton resident, on 8 June 1746 of 210 acres in Northampton County, North Carolina on the south side of the Meherrin River from Benjamin Williams of Isle of Wight County, Virginia. 2 On the same day Benjamin Williams sold an adjacent parcel of 233 acres to a Samuel Hayes.3 These parcels adjoined an tract of 50 acres that had been purchased by Samuel Hayes more than two years earlier.4 All three parcels comprised two earlier patents to Benjamin Williams and Rebecca Braswell.5 From the descriptions in these deeds, we can place the land fairly precisely in the extreme northeastern corner of modern-day Northampton County, lying directly on the Virginia-North Carolina border and the Meherrin River northeast of the town of Severn. 6
These lands had been in Bertie County until 1741 when Northampton was carved out of Bertie. Since Samuel Hayes had purchased his tract only two years after Northampton’s establishment, I searched Bertie records for signs of either Samuel or Joshua Hayes but found no record of them prior to the mid-1740s.
Just over a month after the purchases of 28 June 1746 Samuel Hayes sold a 50 acre portion of his second purchase to Margaret Brady of Isle of Wight.7 A few years later both Joshua Hayes and Samuel Hayes sold their land on the Meherrin and moved a few miles southwest deeper into Northampton County.
On 20 February 1753, Joshua Hayes “and Silviah his wife” sold his 210 acres on the Meherrin to Howell Edmonds, both signing by their marks.8 Six days later on 26 February Joshua Hayes bought 150 acres on Wildcat Swamp, about 10-12 miles to the southwest, from Humphrey Revell.9 He bought 200 acres adjoining that tract from Samuel Davis on 16 May 1761. 10 Joshua and his wife “Silvia” Hayes sold the combined 350 acre tract on 28 December 1762 to Edward Davis. 11 His wife “Silvia” Hayes relinquished her dower interest at the February 1753 court.12
Relationship to Samuel Hayes
Samuel Hayes, the adjoining landowner, was surely a relative. Joshua Hayes, Edward Davis, and Samuel Hayes appear consecutively on a muster roll of Northampton County militia, undated but apparently dated about 1755. Within days of selling his own land on the Meherrin in 1752 Samuel Hayes bought 100 acres on what is now called Corduroy Swamp from Robert Howell and the following year bought another 200 acres from William Allen.13 Corduroy Swamp and Wildcat Swamp, in the area where the two Hayes men settled, are more or less parallel to one another in northeastern Northampton County, being only about one or two miles apart. Indeed, Samuel Hayes was later granted land on Wildcat Swamp (and bordering what is now Route158) in 1761.14 Samuel Hayes sold off portions of his land as late as 1776, when the deed styled him as “Samuel Hayes Senior” to differentiate him from an (apparently) unrelated younger Samuel Hayes who lived elsewhere in the county.15 The only mention of a wife in any of his sales was on 7 October 1766, when he “and Elizabeth his wife” sold part of his 1761 grant.16
Samuel Hayes appears to be the same person who left a will dated 20 August 1793 and proven in December 1796.17 The will names a wife Mary, rather than Elizabeth, but specifies that his land on Corduroy Swamp was to be divided between two grandsons named Jesse Hayes and Abraham Hayes, with his widow to have possession of Jesse’s portion during her widowhood. The will also left £50 to his grandson Ransom Hayes and 5 shillings to his son Jesse Hays. The rest of the estate (including a still to be sold when his wife died) was to be sold and the proceeds divided among his widow and the heirs of deceased son Samuel Hayes, the heirs of deceased son John Hays, and three daughters named Margaret Howell, Elizabeth Pittman, and Pathena Hart.18 Howell Edmonds and Col. James Vaughn were named as executors.
A widow named Mary Hayes, likely the same Mary as the second wife of Samuel Hayes, left her own will on 8 March 1797 and proved in March 1800 leaving “all my property”, namely two feather beds and furniture, one horse, and one negro man named Harry to “my beloved brother Elias Faison.
An article in Historical Southern Families appears to identify this Samuel Hayes as a son of Peter Hayes and Elizabeth Flake of Isle of Wight County, Virginia.19 However, the article barely mentions Samuel Hayes beyond his appearance ans a legatee in a 1691 will and provides no evidence that the Samuel Hayes of Northampton County was actually the same person. (Indeed, it is extremely unlikely that our Samuel Hayes of Northampton could have been nearly that old.) It includes merely the statement that Samuel Hayes “settled on a creek in the valley of the Meherrin River…the area was first called Chowan, then Bertie, and finally Northampton Co.” No attempt was made to prove that statement.
Joshua Hayes moves into Granville County about 1765
Joshua Hayes was on the 1762 tax list for Northampton County, but apparently moved a quite a distance west into neighboring Granville County after selling his land later that year. On 20 April 1765, identifying himself as a resident of Granville County, he bought 500 acres on both sides of Tabbs Creek from Samuel Weaver.20 He appears to have remained on this land for the rest of his life. He appears infrequently in Granville records.
Although several tax lists survive, the lists for the district in which he lived are nearly all missing. The 1769 tax list survives, in which he is listed as “Joshua Haze” and his son Joseph was listed as Joseph “Hays”. In 1771 both Joshua Hays and his oldest son Joseph Hays were taxed — the only persons named Hays in the county. The 1780 tax list was organized by district, and Joshua Hayes appeared in the Fishing Creek district with 329 acres. The 1782 tax list found Joshua Hays Sr., Joshua Hays Jr., Henry Hayes, and Joseph Hayes all listed in Fishing Creek district. Tax lists for 1784, 1785, and 1788 also still exist; by then boundaries had slightly altered so that Joshua Hayes was listed in the Tabbs Creek district.
The only other records of substance are a suit by John Parham in 1765, confirming that Joshua Hayes was residing in Granville by then, and his application for a grist mill on Tabb’s Creek on 2 August 1775.
The state census of North Carolina was taken in 1786 for Granville County. Joshua Hayes, his son Joshua and Henry Hayes are listed consecutively in the Fishing Creek district, with his son Joseph Hayes nearby in the same district. Joshua Hayes’ household consisted of one male 21-60 (probably his son John), one male under 21 or over 60 (probably himself), and four females (his wife Selvah and daughters Selvah, Sarah and Patty). The 1790 census does not survive, but the 1790 tax list shows Joshua and his sons Joseph, Joshua, and Henry.
Disposed of all his land in Granville between 1774 and 1797.
The only purchase of land recorded by Joshua Hayes in Granville County was his 1765 purchase of 500 acres on both sides of Tabbs Creek. He sold 150 acres of that tract “being in one corner of the said Joshua Hays land on the east side of Tabbs Creek” to Noel Johnston on 6 November 1774 for £15.21 Noel Johnston was probably already married to Joshua’s daughter Catherine Hays. On 25 March 1784, as “Joshua Hayes Senr.” he sold 60 acres of his tract to Zachariah Higgs for £12. 22 Eight years later, on 6 November 1792, he sold 50 acres “lying on the west side of Tabbs Creek being a part of my own tract” to his son Henry Hayes for £50. 23 On 10 March 1794, he sold 144 acres on the west side of Tabbs Creek “beginning at a white oak near the mill” to his son Joshua Hayes Junr. 24 His remaining land, surveyed as 94 acres, was sold on 31 March 1797, just a week before his death, to a neighbor named Joseph McDaniel.25
He signed every deed with his mark. No dower releases were noted in the deed books.
The identity of his wife Silvia (or Selvah)
His wife’s name in the Northampton County deeds was recorded as “Silviah” and “Silvia”, but was spelled “Selvah” in his will and estate papers. Selvah Hayes is thought — erroneously — by a few family researchers to have been a daughter of Sherwood Harris. The Granville County will of Sherwood Harris, dated 15 June 1763 and proved at the following (August) court, mentions several children explicitly, then addresses Joshua Hayes thusly: …to Joshua Hays, 200 acres of the land I bought of Jonathan White on condition that he pay 60 pounds to my executors…if he fails to do so, then the land [is to be] sold…”26 This is not evidence of a relationship between the two men, rather it seems that Harris was simply making good on a promise to sell the land. Sherwood Harris had purchased 660 acres from Jonathan White a month earlier on 13 May 1763 for £50 and was evidently in the midst of negotiating with Joshua Harris to sell 200 acres of that tract for a hefty profit when he wrote his will a month later.27 In any event, the land was never sold to Joshua Hayes.
Sherwood Harris’s will explicitly identifies two sons, five daughters, his wife, a grandchild and one son-in-law. Yet no mention was made of a daughter named Selvah nor was Joshua Hayes identified as a relative. If we need further reason to doubt that Selvah Hayes belongs in the Harris family, we can note that she was considerably older than any of Sherwood Harris’s children, and that she and Joshua Hayes surely married at a time when Sherwood Harris lived nowhere nearby. Thus we have sufficient reason to reject Sherwood Harris as a possible father, but no clues as to her actual parents.
Joshua Hayes was surely married in Northampton County, yet there is no record of Sherwood Harris ever living in that part of North Carolina. Unfortunately, all early marriage records for Northampton County have been lost.
1797 Will of Joshua Hayes
Joshua Hayes died on 9 April 1797 in Granville County, according to a court record of August 1797, which informs us that his will was in the possession of Joshua Hutchinson and was “lost or mislaid”, necessitating a reconstruction of the will by the witnesses.28 The two witnesses, Joshua Hutchinson and Zachariah Higgs, provided the court with a “true copy of the original as far as they can recollect” that was accepted by the court and, in the absence of any objection by the heirs, was recorded the same month.29
The lost original of the will generated several court records beginning in May 1797 that are filed as loose papers in Granville County.30 Among these papers is a note from Stephen Sneed to “Mr. John Hays, Fishing Creek” dated 15 May 1797 that reads: “Enclosed you will receive the order of the last court relative to your father’s will. You I expect have received the necessary direction from Col. Taylor how to proceed.” Joseph Taylor, the attorney for John Hayes, appeared at the May court to request that citations be issued to the heirs to “show cause why the last will & testament of Joshua Hays decd should not be admitted to record.” The heirs cited were: “Sarah Davis, Olive Moore, Mary Wood, Samuel Hays & John Hays and other heirs of Joseph Hays decd, Patty Haynes, Noel Johnson, Thomas Johnson, Henry Haynes(sic), Joshua Hays, Selia Hays, Mary Inscoe(sic), heirs of Joshua Hays decd.”31 Stephen Hays, Jesse Hays, and Peter F. Farrar were added as heirs in later citations. The court records separately record subpoenas to these heirs. One subpoena was issued to Joshua Hutchinson and his wife Susannah and to John Parrish and his wife Elizabeth.32 Another subpoena names the heirs as: “Sarah Davis, Olive More, Mary Wood, Samuel Hays and Jesse Hays and others as heirs of Joseph Hayes. Polly Hayes, Noel Johnson, Thomas Johnson, Henry Hayes, Joshua Hayes, Sealey Hayes, Mary Inscore. Heirs of Joshua Hayes, Zacharia Higgs and Joshua Hutcherson to answer to the court also”.33 All the persons named in these records were identified as residents of Granville County. Note also that the will below does not address the heirs of the deceased elder son Joseph Hayes, which may account for the apparent dispute over the provisions of the will.
The undated copy of the will of Joshua Hayes was proved at the August 1797 court and recorded.34 It left one shilling apiece to “my daughter(s)” Sarah Davis, Hanah Howel, Oliff Moor, Mary Wood, and Pattey Hayes. One shilling was left to “my daughter in law Sarah Hayes” and one shilling apiece to “my son(s)” Henry Hayes and Joshua Hayes. Daughter Selah (sic) Hayes received one shilling plus a bed and furniture. His land and mill, livestock, and personal property were given as a lifetime interest to “my loving wife Selvah Hayes”. After her death the land and mill were to go to son John Hayes and the rest of the property was to be “equally divided between Patience Johnston, Catharone (sic) Johnston, John Hayes, Selah Hayes and Mary Inscoe” (their relationships to the testator being unstated.) Executors named were Joshua Hutchinson and John Hayes. The witnesses were Joshua Hutchinson and Zachariah Higgs. The uncertainties raised by these records are covered below.
It appears that his wife Selvah or Silviah was dead by the time the will was proved, for she was not among the heirs subpoenaed. She was surely dead by the 1800 census, for no female aged over 45 appears in the households of the children.
Joseph Hayes (ca1745 – 1792) He appears adjacent to his father in the 1786 state census and in the 1790 tax list.35 He died before his father, leaving a will dated 10 June 1792 and proved at the November court 1792.36 The will left 120 acres each to sons Samuel Hayes, Jesse Hayes and Stephen Hayes and 140 acres “that i now live on” to Simeon Hayes subject to the lifetime interest of his widow Sarah. The rest of his property — including “all my horses, cows, hogs, sheep and of all my household furniture” – was to be equally divided between “my wife Sarah and all my children Samuel Hayes, Susannah Hutchinson, Jesse Hayes, Stephen Hayes, Temperance Hayes, Simeon Hayes, Mary Hayes, Lucy Hayes, Levice Hayes.” Samuel Hays and Avery Parham were named executors and qualified at the February court 1793. The witnesses were John Hayes, Noel Johnston, and William M. Johnston. Loose estate records include several estate accounts by his widow Sarah Hayes dated 20 September 1798 and later. These accounts mention three of the sons: Stephen, Jesse, and Samuel. The 1800 census shows Sarah Hayes with one male and three females all aged 16-26.
We assume that the children were named in the will in the order of their birth.
- Samuel Hayes (c1768 – aft1850) There were two Samuel Hayes of about the same age in Granville. This Samuel Hayes appears to be the one listed in 1800 six names from his brother Jesse (both 26-45) and in 1810 two names from Jesse (both still 26-45). Note that Joseph Hayes’ will had given adjoining tracts to Samuel and Jesse. He continues to be listed in the Tabb’s Creek area through 1850, when his age is given as 82. I have not pursued his children, but one was the Catherine Hayes who married Thomas L. King in 1822; Samuel gave a negro to his daughter Catherine King in 1826.37 He also made a deed of gift to his son Whitmell Hayes in 1828.38 And Samuel Hayes was apparently the father of a son named Joel Hayes who predeceased him in 1825.
- Susannah Hayes She was called Susannah Hutchinson in her father’s will, already married by 1792. There is a marriage bond for Joshua Hutchinson and “Mrs.” Susanna Hayes dated 15 March 1787. Despite the “Mrs.”, this may be her, as Joshua Hutchinson is enumerated adjacent to John Hayes in the 1810 census and witnessed the will of Joshua Hayes Sr.
- Jesse Hayes (c1773 – aft1850) Other than his father’s will he is first mentioned on a road jury in 1796 in the same vicinity as his father had lived. He is apparently the same Jesse Hayes who married Judith Farrar by bond dated 4 August 1795. He is in Granville censuses from 1800 through 1850 in the area of Tabb’s Creek, aged 77 in 1850.
- Stephen Hayes (c1775?-?) He appears in the 1800 census as a single head of household aged 16-26, consecutive with his mother. He does not appear in 1810 or in later records.
- Temperance Hayes (c1781 – aft1850) She was unmarried when her father made her will in 1792, but was married by the time her grandfather’s will was proved five years later, having married Peter Field Farrar by bond dated 20 September 1795. According to a book on the Farrar family, he was the son of William Farrar and Winifred Clark.39 Peter Farrar died about 1810, leaving Temperance and several children. Temperance was age 68 in the household of her son Obediah Farrar in the 1850 census of Chester County, South Carolina.
- Simeon Hayes (c1780? – by 1830) He was likely the male aged 16-26 in his mother’s household in 1800. He married Mary (Polly) Hester by bond dated 5 October 1803. The 1810 and 1820 censuses show him with a largish family, aged 26-45 both years. He was dead by 5 February 1830 when Henry Tatum, his administrator, filed an accounting. Estate records indicate he was survived by his wife Mary and several children.40 Mary was guardian in 1834 for minor children named Sarah, Stephen, and Mary. Her own 1844 estate indicates that her only living children were sons Stephen, Archibald, and Frank Hayes, and daughters Mary Tippett and Mildred Hobgood, and that Alfred Hayes, another child, was deceased by 1844.41
- Mary Hayes (c1770? – aft1830) She was apparently the “Mary Inscore” mentioned in Joshua Hayes’ will. That will named a daughter Mary Wood, but also made a bequest to “Mary Inscore” whose relationship was not identified. The subpoenas mentioned above appear to identify Mary Wood as a child of Joshua Hayes and Mary Inscore as a daughter of his son Joseph Hayes. A Mary Hayes married Reuben Inscore by bond dated 25 October 1792, a few months after the date of Joseph Hayes will mentioning his unmarried daughter Mary Hayes. Reuben Inscore appears in the 1800 and 1810 censuses of Granville County. The 1800 census shows his wife as age 16-25, consistent with Mary’s apparent age. However, the 1810 census shows a female 16-25 and a female over 45 in his household indicating either that Mary was dead or that one census or the other is incorrect. The 1830 Surry County census shows both Reuben and his wife as aged 60-70.
- Lucy Hayes She may have been the Lucy Hayes who married Thomas Dement by bond dated 7 January 1807.
- Levice Hayes She may have been the “Levijah” Hays who married William Blackley by bond dated 25 December 1808.
Joshua Hayes (c1759 – aft1825) He is in the 1786 state census with an apparent son and two daughters.42 He is in the 1800 census of Granville with two sons and one daughter, aged 26-45. There is evidence in family records that he was the same Joshua Hayes located in Knox County, Kentucky a few years later. He is on the 1806 tax list of Knox County43, was issued a land grant in 180744 and appears in several records there, including the 1810 census.45 He applied for a Revolutionary pension as a resident of Washington County, Indiana in 1823, giving his age as 64 and testifying that he enlisted in Granville County “sometime in the year 1781 or 1782” and that his family consisted of himself and “his wife, Martha Hayes, aged 60 years.”46 (The pension was denied on the basis that his service was in the militia rather than the regular army.) He declared himself without land, and the court valued his belongings at barely more than $100. A marriage bond for Joshua Hayes and Martha Loyd is dated 18 March 1793 in Granville, with Henry Hayes bondsman and Reuben Searcy witness. The 25 May 1792 will of Mary Lloyd gives one shilling to her daughter “Marthy Hase”.47 He is apparently the Joshua Hayes in the 1820 census of Washington County, Indiana.48 Although there were several children, only one is known to me:2.1. Joshua Hayes (c1788 – 1867) He married Lydia Schull in Knox County on 15 July 1810 and appears near his father in the 1810 census. According to descendants, he married twice more, having children by each marriage, and died in Sullivan County, Indiana.
Henry Hayes (c1755 – aft1820) He is identified in the book mentioned above as a Henry Hayes of Wilkes County, NC with a wife named Keziah and several children born in Wilkes County.49 That is surely an error, for he was still in Granville County as late as 1810. Henry Hayes was not taxed in 1789 but was in 1782. He owned no land, and perhaps worked his father’s mill. His father Joshua deeded him 50 acres “lying on the west side of Tabbs Creek being a part of my own tract” on 6 November 1792.50 Henry Hayes sold that land barely more than a year later on 10 February 1794 to his brother-in-law Noel Johnston. 51 Later records establish that he was the Henry Hayes who married Mary Payton [Peyton] by bond dated 1 October 1783 and who appeared in the 1786 Granville census near Joshua Hayes with a wife and one daughter.52 The 1790 census is missing, but he was still in the same district for the 1790 tax list. The estate records for Joshua Hayes mentioned above make it plain that Henry Hayes was living in Granville County in 1797. He is presumably the Henry Hayes in the 1800 census of Granville County, aged over 45 with seven children.53 Probably the same Henry Hayes is in the Granville 1810 census, but does not appear in 1820.54 The following children are tentatively identified.3.1. Peyton Hayes (c1785 – ?) Apparently named for his mother, he appears separately in the 1810 census aged 16-26.55 He married Sally Richardson by bond dated 4 April 1813 with James Hayes the bondsman. The 1825 will of Francis Richardson gives his estate in trust to his sister Sarah Hayes, apparently the same person. Peyton Hayes appears in Granville Censuses through 1840 but not thereafter.
- John Hayes (c1767 – c1819) See separate page.
- Patience Hayes (c1750s? – ) She was not explicitly identified as a daughter by Joshua Hayes’ will, so her placement is somewhat speculative. but Joshua Hayes’ estate records tell us she was married to Thomas Johnston (or Johnson) by 1797. There were two Thomas Johnsons in the 1800 Granville census, but only one in 1810. The one absent in 1810 had been located in Tabb’s Creek and was the husband of Patience. His will was dated 22 September 1806 and proven later that year at the November court.56 The will left the plantation and most of the estate to his wife Patience for life, with legacies and/or reversions to daughters Sally, Patience, Mildred Davis, and Mary Marlen, and to sons William, Thomas, John, and “Isack”. Patience Johnston appears in the 1810 census in the Tabb’s Creek district, near several of her presumed brothers and sisters. The household consisted of two males and two females, all 16-26, and one female over 45. This seems to fit the 1800 record of the Thomas Johnson of Tabb’s Creek.
- Catherine Hayes (c1750s? – ?) Like Patience, she was not explicitly identified as a daughter by Joshua Hayes will, and may have been a daughter of Joseph Hayes. She was the wife of Noel Johnston (or Johnson). Noel Johnston appears in the 1786 state census for Tabb’s Creek, and in the 1800-1820 censuses. According to descendants, they were the parents of at least one child born by 1781 (James H. Johnston), thus were apparently married by 1780 or so. Other children were Aaron, Noel, and Joshua according to these descendants.
- Sarah Hayes (? – ? ) was called “Sarah Davis” in her father’s will. (Some have read this name as “Dawson” but it is clearly to be “Davis” in the original records.)
- Mary Hayes (? – ? ) Her father’s will calls her “Mary Wood”. A “Mary Inscore” is also mentioned in the will, who appears to have been a younger woman, probably her niece (see Joseph Hayes above).
- Hannah Hayes (? – ? ) was called “Hanah Howel” in her father’s will.
- Olive Hayes (? – ? ) was variously called “Oliff Moore” in her father’s will and “Olive Moor” in the estate records. The identity of her husband is unknown.
- Selah Hayes (? – ? ) Her name appears twice in her father’s will as “Selah” though it is not clear if that was a version of “Selvah”. She was surely the “Sella Hayes” who married Hickman Floyd by bond dated 27 December 1799, with John Hayes the bondsman. There is a Hickman Floyd in the 1800 and 1810 census of Granville County, with an apparent wife and no children. The female in the household was 26-45 in 1800 and over 45 in 1810.
- Patty Hayes She was unmarried in 1797, and there does not appear to be a marriage record for her in Granville County.
- Hayes and Allied Families, Charles Clifton Hayes gives Joshua Hayes a birth date in 1741 in Pennsylvania, though we know he was born two decades or more earlier. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 1, page 264. 50 acres was part of a 1719 patent to Rebecca Braswell and 160 acres from a 1742 patent to Benjamin Williams. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 1, also on page 264-5. This was part of the 1742 Williams patent. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 1, page 104-5. A deed from James Joyner of Edgecombe County to Samuel Hayes of Northampton County dated 10 January 1743/4 for 50 acres originally granted to Rebecca Braswell on 1 March 1719/20. [↩]
- On 1 March 1719/20 Rebecca Braswell was granted 530 acres on the line between Southampton County, Virginia and Bertie County, North Carolina and bordering the Meherrin River. She later married William Wilson, who sold half of her patent to Thomas Clark and half to Samuel Eldridge a few years later. Samuel Eldridge sold his half to Benjamin Williams in 1734. Part of Thomas Clark’s tract ended up in the hands of James Joyner and then Samuel Hayes. Benjamin Williams enlarged his holding with a grant dated 7 May 1742. [↩]
- All three tracts bordered either the “old country line”, (meaning the pre-1728 resurveyed border that would have bordered Braswell’s patent) or the “new country line” (meaning the post-1728 Virginia-NC border that bordered the Williams patent), the banks of the Meherrin River (including the point where the state line crosses the river), Thomas Boykins’ line (which bordered the Braswell patent), a road that crosses the state line, and the Cowpen Branch. There is only one location that fits these descriptions. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 1, also on page 265-6. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 2, page 58-59. Her name around the signature mark was written as “Silvia”. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 2, page 104. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 3, page 122. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 3, page 215. [↩]
- Ibid. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 2, page 81 and Deed Book 2, page 175-6, respectively. [↩]
- Granville Grant to Samuel Hayes for 700 acres 26 November 1761. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 6, page 248. [↩]
- Northampton County Deed Book 4, page 77-8. [↩]
- Northampton County Will Book 2, pages 129-130. [↩]
- After the widow’s death the still was to be sold and the proceeds divided “among my five last mentioned children”, clarifying that the three women and two deceased sons were children. [↩]
- Historical Southern Families, Vol. XV, pp 172. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book H. page 224. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book M, page 84. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book O, page 298. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book N, page 139. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book P, page 50. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book Q, page 33. [↩]
- Abstracts of Granville County, NC, “Unrecorded Wills 1746-1771”, p9. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book F, page 143-4, a deed by Jonathan White dated 13 May 1763. [↩]
- Granville County Court Minutes 1796-1799, page 233. [↩]
- Granville County Will Book 4, pages 132-133. [↩]
- Granville Estate Records, NC Archives (loose papers), call number CR 044.508.77 [↩]
- Ibid. [↩]
- Minute Book 1796-1799, p201 as abstracted in Abstracts of Granville County, NC, p152. [↩]
- Minute Book 1796-1799, p223 as abstracted in Abstracts of Granville County, NC, p153. [↩]
- Granville County Will Book 4, pages 132-133. [↩]
- 1786 household: 1 male 21-60, 1 male over 21 and under 60, 3 females. [↩]
- Granville County Will Book 3, page 13-14. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book 3, p112. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book 4, p224. [↩]
- Some Farrar’s Island Descendants, James S. Farrior and Alvahn Holmes (1979). [↩]
- Estate records filed as loose papers, NC Archives. [↩]
- Loose estate records for Granville County, NC Archives. [↩]
- 1 male 21-60, 1 male under 21 or over 60, 3 females. He is listed as Joshua Hayes Jr., adjacent to Joshua Hayes Sr. [↩]
- Listed adjacent to Willis Hays, perhaps a son. [↩]
- The Kentucky Land Grants, Volume 1 “ Grants South Of Green River 1797-1866”, p328. [↩]
- Household: 00001-01001, near his son Joshua Hays Jr. 10100-00100. [↩]
- Pension File R4792. [↩]
- Granville County Will Book 3, p33. [↩]
- Joshua Hays Sr.’s household: 000001-00001. Nearby is his son Joshua Hays Jr.: 310010-00100 [↩]
- See Hayes and Allied Families, Charles Clifton Hayes. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book N, page 139. [↩]
- Granville County Deed Book P, page 106. [↩]
- He is listed 25 names from his father, as Henry Hayes Jr. Henry Hayes Sr., probably an uncle, is listed consecutively with Joshua Hays Sr. and Jr. [↩]
- Household: 31001-21010 [↩]
- Household: 31101-30010. This census includes a land holding, Henry Hayes being shown with 100 acres. [↩]
- The household shows one male in the 16-18 column and one in the 16-26 column. According to the instructions to enumerators, a male 16-18 was to be counted in both columns, though whether that was actually the case in Granville is unknown. The 1830 census shows Peyton Hayes as 40-50, so he was evidently aged 16-26 in 1810. [↩]
- The Wills and Estate Records of Granville County, North Carolina 1746-1808, Zae Hargett Gwynn (Joseph W. Watson, 1973) page 298. [↩]