Exploring the Origins of William Credille Sr.

We have reason to believe that William Credille Sr. was a Virginian who may or may not have briefly settled in North Carolina before moving to Georgia in time to appear on the 1794 tax list of Hancock County, Georgia.  Although the Turner letter (q.v.) says he was from North Carolina, his two sons who lived long enough to appear in the 1850 census both indicated that they were born in Virginia.

We also know that he claimed to be a Revolutionary War veteran in the 1827 Georgia Land Lottery.   In Virginia there were at least three, perhaps four, Revolutionary War veterans named William Credille.   Could one of these men be the same William Credille who moved to Georgia?

William Credille of Cumberland County, Virginia

A William Criddle, born about 1757, lived in Cumberland County during the period 1781 through 1789 when his Revolutionary War disability pension was being administered.1  According to his pension records, he was wounded at Norfolk in January 1776 while serving as a private in the 2nd Virginia Regiment, losing an arm.2   As “Wm. Creedle” he signed a petition in Cumberland County dated 5 March 1781.3  In his pension file is a Cumberland County court document dated 29 November 1785 listing him among the local pensioners:  “William Creedle by the loss of his right arm while a soldier in the service of the United States is rendered incapable of providing a livelyhood by his own labour.”4 He was included a month earlier among a list of state pensioners provided to the Virginia Assembly by Patrick Henry.5  A former private in the 2nd Virginia regiment, he was still in Cumberland County on 23 March 1789 when the court recommended that the pension to “William Criddle”, which had inadvertently been terminated, be reinstated.6  The Governor’s certification, dated two weeks later on 6 April 1789, calls him “William Criddle aged about 32 years.”   He may have been the same William “Creedle” who was listed in a 1776 account book as a wounded soldier.7

Oddly, however, he was not listed among the Cumberland County taxables in any year from 1782 through 1790 ,when he evidently lived there.   The only Criddles taxed in Cumberland during that period were Ann, the widow of Allen Criddle, and her sons John Criddle and Allen Criddle.  8 Although it is certainly possible that he was omitted from the tax lists by reason of being exempted, I note that the other two crippled veterans who are mentioned in the same pension records were listed in the tax lists.

The 1784 census for Cumberland County lists only Ann Criddle with six white souls.   She was the widow of Allen Criddle, who left a will in Cumberland County in 1777 (only Ann and his eldest son John were identified) and the  members of the household apparently included John, Edward, Allen, and William Criddle.9  (Some of these men were neighbors of the Davenports in Cumberland County by the late 1790s.)

William Credille of Brunswick County, Virginia

A William Criddle, is listed among persons who gave aid, in the form of supplies, to the American Revolution at a court held 25 February 1782 in Brunswick County, Virginia.10

William Credille of York County, Virginia

Virginia Revolutionary War records mention a third soldier named William Creedle of York County, whose pay for 1778 and 1779 was apparently made out to his father.11

A Fourth William Credille?

Still another William Creedle, a Sergeant of artillery, appears on a list of soldiers who did not receive a bounty land warrant.  (Gwathmey, p190.  Also listed in Revolutionary War Records, Volume 1 – Virginia (1936), Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, p156.))

  1. Pension file is online at the Library of Virginia, as scanned pages. []
  2. Virginia State Archives, an account book listing payments to soldiers in 1776, shows a payment to Wm. Criddle 15 May 1776. []
  3. Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Volume 37, No 2, p94. []
  4. Court record included in his pension file. []
  5. “List of State Pensioners,” William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 20 (1911-12): pp 11-12. []
  6. Court record included in his pension file. []
  7. Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, John Gwathmey (1973), p190. []
  8. John Criddle appears 1782-1790, and Ann from 1782-1787.  Allen Criddle was taxed to Ann 1787, to John 1788, on his own 1789, 1790. []
  9. Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Volume 38, No 2, p159. []
  10. “Persons who gave aid to the American Revolution”, Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 6 (1924): pp106-7. []
  11. Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, John Gwathmey (1973), p190. []